Kitchen Sink Stainless Steel Grade 304 18/8

Stainless steel grades used for kitchen sinks explained
OK so you want to buy a kitchen sink and all the sinks have these numbers but what do the numbers mean? Could they mean the weight in kgs that you can pile the dishes up before washing them divide by the maximum number days you can leave dirty dishes…. are you also confused? Never fear, here is a very simple explanation.

There are many grades of stainless steel but since we are takling about kitchen sinks here we will deal just with 18/8 and 18/10 which are the two most common grades of stainless steel used for food preparation and dining. They are also known as Type 304 or grade 304 and are part of the 300 series. 18 refers to the amount of chromium present and the 8 or 10 represents the amount of nickel. For example, 18/8 stainless steel is comprised of 18% chromium and 8% nickel.

304 grade stainless steel is also comprised of no more than 0.8% carbon and at least 50% iron. The chromium binds oxygen to the surface of the product to protect the iron from rust. Nickel also enhances the corrosion resistance of stainless steel.  Therefore, the higher the nickel content, the more resistant the stainless steel is to corrosion.

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New year, new designs

Often, if not always, New year is welcomed in with a heap of enthusiastic, or rather not-so-enthusiastic, resolutions. These dreaded undertakings, which we feel so inclined to make after a few glasses of bubbly and a hearty rendition of Auld Lang Syne, are always the soon-to-be regretted commitments to which we are completely and undeniably uncommitted.

As January falls away and February quickly approaches. The resolve which we held onto so firmly only a month ago slowly crumbles. And the urge to do nothing takes hold.  Once again it seems we are destined to end up spending our free time on the couch watching day-time T.V.

So before the novelty of this year’s New Year’s resolutions wear off, we wanted to put together a few ways for you to re-invent your 2014 kitchen. So you can finally fulfil your promise to ‘do something with that space’ and put a big tick on that 2014 to-do-list.

The ‘something’ for that space

Our ‘somethings’ were inspired by House Beautiful, tips for 10 Kitchen Details That Wow and 14 Kitchen Backsplash Ideas

Mirrors and Mosaic. Space and light are a must for your 2014 kitchen. Use mirrors to create the illusion of space. While mosaic tiles create patterns of light and colour.

Use mirrors and mosaics to create space and light in the kitchen

Use mirrors and mosaics to create space and light in the kitchen

Use mirrors and mosaics to create space and light in the kitchen

Detail, detail, detail. Don’t let the idea of a ‘functional space’ stop you from creating personal details that are quirky and original.

Use details such as old biscuit tins to give your kitchen a quirky character

Use details such as old biscuit tins to give your kitchen a quirky character

Get textured. Use wood, concrete/stone, glass and tile to reinvent your kitchen.

Use textures in your kitchen to create interest and character

Use textures in your kitchen to create interest and character

– Colours and Patterns. Go warm or go cool but be sure to use a range of tones to create a quality of depth. Pop-colours are a must.

Subtle colours with a paisley pattern offer a soft sophistication to any kitchen

Subtle colours with a paisley pattern offer a soft sophistication to any kitchen

Get Artsy. Use statement pieces to create a sense of grandeur. They can be bought from that obscure little gallery on the corner or made by the kids at school.

Pottery is a great addition to any kitchen

Pottery is a great addition to any kitchen

Retro reverence. Black and white checks? Yes, please.

You can never go wrong with a vintage/retro twist.

You can never go wrong with a vintage/retro twist.

Get innovative. Use old records as table mats

Get innovative. Use old records as table mats

If predictions are anything to go by, and we think they are, then interior design in 2014 is all about the personal. Involve the family in the re-invention of your kitchen, go arty with some mosaic or go professional with a silver finish and black and white tile. The choices are endless and entirely yours.But be sure to give your kitchen its much deserved attention this year.

Calculate How Many Mosaic Tile Sheets You Need For Your Project

Mosaic Tiles Variety 4mm 23x23 with or without glitter

Calculate the number of mosaic tile sheets you will need to complete your DIY project:

First calculate the size of one mosaic tile sheet (eg 30cm x 30cm = 900cm²)

Then calculate the area to be tiled. (eg 90cm x 250cm = 22500cm²)

Then divide the total area to be tiled by the area of one sheet (eg 22500 / 900 = 25 sheets needed)

Useful conversions:

1 m = 100 cm

1 m = 1000 mm

1 m² = 10 000 cm²

2.54cm = 1 inch

1m² = 10.764ft²

Area Calculator For Mosaic Tiles

More about mosaics….
Mosaic tiles come in a variety of sheet sizes so you must make sure you have the correct info, you don’t want to come up short and find out later that the supplier no longer stocks them.

Some sheets of mosaic tiles are a mix of sizes and are not as easily cut into the right size strips as you would be able to cut a sheet of uniform tile pieces

Make sure that you will be able to do your job with the least amount of cutting, and I don’t mean cutting the gauze backing, I mean the tile pieces. For example if you need a 75mm strip it is best to use mosaics that have 23mm chip sizes. 48mm chip sizes will need to be cut and this will be a big challenge

How To Install A Kitchen Sink Mixer Tap

Aero Kitchen Tap
Turn the Water Off First!
The mixers are relatively simple to install although we do recommend you get a qualified person to do the installation.
2 Flexi pipes connect your hot and cold water into the bottom of the unit. Prefferably hand tighten the pipes, do not use tools that will damage the connection.
The unit is attached to a one-hole sink or counter using a threaded rod and nut.
A Rubber O-ring is placed on the top of and a rubber then a brass gasket is placed under the counter.
The type of connection required from the flexi hoses to the water supply depends on the size and type of pipework or couplings that are already in place in your kitchen.
You may need to connect using a brass male coupling (pictured here)

Brass Coupling To Connect Monobloc Tap Flexi Pipes
You will need couplings if there are no existing connectors on the pipes. You may also need to fit a reducer if the existing connectors are larger than required.  If you are lucky the existing connectors will be a perfect match.

Ensure Watertight Connections With PTFE Plumbers Thread Tape

Plumbers PTFE Thread Tape

Use PTFE tape on all connections to ensure a good watertight seal.
All these items can be bought from your local plumbers merchant.
Here is a diagram showing the layout for installing a basic kitchen mixer tap.

Kitchen Sink Tap Installation Diagram

Swivel Spout Servicing On Kitchen And Bathroom Taps

Swivel Spout Sink Tap

Most kitchen taps and some bathroom taps feature convenient swivel spouts.
These taps usually have rubber orings and a nylon bush in the spout for water seal and swivel action. To maintain good spout swivel action try the following:

  • Turn off the water supply to the tap
  • remove the spout (normally held in place by a grub screw at the back)
  • clean the exposed part of the spout and the open hole where it came out of
  • apply some vaseline to the o-rings and nylon bush
  • replace the spout

Standard Fixing Clips For Kitchen Sinks

Here are diagrams showing how to use the more common fixing clips that come with kitchen sinks:

Under counter mount kitchen sink installation profile

Fitting a kitchen sink under the counter top

Inset mount kitchen sink installation profile

Side drawing for top mount kitchen sink fitting clips

Inset mount kitchen sink installation profile 2

Fixing Clips For An Inset Mounted Kitchen Sink

How To Install An Inset Kitchen Sink

Installing an inset kitchen sink

An inset sink is the kind that sits on top of the counter. These normally have integrated draining areas like the one pictured.

You will need:

  1. Fixing clips
  2. Sealing tape
  3. Fret saw
  4. Screwdriver

And this is what you do with the tools:

  1. Place the sink upside down on the counter in the position where it is to be installed, and trace the outline of the sink on the counter top with a pencil
  2. Draw another line 10 mm inside the first line. Cut a hole in the counter top following this second, inner, line
  3. Adhere the seal tape around the underside of the edge of the sink, being careful to lay it smoothly (without ridges)
  4. Place the clips on the sink in their horizontal position
  5. These anchor clips are designed for use with counter tops 30-40 mm thick. If your counter top is thinner, insert wooden wedges between the counter top and the braces so as to secure them
  6. After placing a clip at each corner of the sink (or 4 at opposing sides in the case of a single round bowl), place the rest evenly spaced around the perimeter of the sink
  7. Tighten the screws of the clips with a hand screwdriver to secure the sink in place

How To Install A Kitchen Tap That Has A Pull Out Spout

Image

Here are some generic instructions on installing a kitchen tap that has a spout that can be pulled out on a flexible hose for better reach. These taps are ideal for very busy kitchens, used for rinsing off dishes and fruit and veg.

These instructions are also adequate for many other kitchen and basin pull out mixer taps. The pull out tap pictured here has a 1.5 meter weighted pull out hose that provides 40cm to 50cm of pull out reach. Click here to download the pull out tap installation instructions in a .pdf file.

Pick Your Perfect Kitchen Sink

Inset, Undermount, Big, Small, Polished, Brushed Kitchen Sinks

With such a wide range of kitchen appliances and decorative items on offer these days, homeowners can create a variety of different looks in their kitchen. Sinks alone come in a variety of shapes and styles.

When considering how many sinks you need, what shape and size they need to be and which type of material to go for, you need to look at the rest of your kitchen. Three major elements in a kitchen are the cabinets, countertops and sink. Attention must be paid to the size and visual aspect of these elements. Once you have given this some thought, you can begin to think about the other details, like size and material. With numerous options of material, from stainless steel to brass or copper, you can have very different looks and feels.

The next step is to decide on the number of sinks you will have in your kitchen. To make this decision, you need to think about what you will use your sink for and how often. Although dishwashers relieve us of the task of cleaning piles of dirty dishes, there are still some pots and pans that might be too big or awkward to fit. Some homeowners might prefer to have one large, single sink in which they can clean large crockery or a double sink, where one is large and the other a lot smaller. Others might choose to have a two sinks of equal size, and soak dishes in one side while cleaning up or using the other sink for something else. One sink can also be used for preparing fruits or vegetables

Some kitchens have two sinks in entirely different places of the kitchen. These can be used simply for washing hands or entertainment purposes, or as salad washing station. Having two separate sinks create two areas for chopping up and preparing food. These days, sinks come with cutting boards, draining stations and drop in compartments, which also contribute to making the whole cooking and cleaning experience that much easier.

An abundance of options in your kitchen can create unique, interesting looks and can also provide you with something that suits your lifestyle. By putting extra thought and care into these decisions, you will be able to create a kitchen where you can feel comfortable and where you will feel proud to entertain guests.
To begin thinking about what would most suit your kitchen, take a look at these kitchen sinks.